current research on periodontal disease

Each of us is an independent researcher with no conflicts of interest. Mild gingivitis is common, and most adults demonstrate some loss of bony sup- port and loss of probing attachment. "Current research in diagnostic methods for assessing periodontal disease." The symbiont-the host-parasite relationship in…, The symbiont-the host-parasite relationship in the interaction between the microbial community within the…, NLM HHS National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. 1966 Apr;56(4):567-81. doi: 10.2105/ajph.56.4.567. J Periodontol. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Recent research has shown evidence that certain microbial species and specific genetic and related factors are some strong indicators of susceptibility to severe periodontitis. Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. More than 69% were cigarette smokers, and more than 55% were medium to high MA users. General tissue destruction and loss of attachment of the periodontal ligament to the tooth are responsible for loosening, and ultimately the loss of the tooth. NIH Dental Research Institute, , Periodontics, 102 pages. Periodontal disease leads to destruction of the periodontium such as alveolar bone, cementum, the periodontal ligament, and gingiva. Having identified diabetes, smoking, the presence of periodontal pathogens, stress, distress, and coping measures as potential risk factors for periodontal disease, this center’s current activities include longitudinal studies to firmly establish risk factors, and intervention studies directed at modulating risk factors within populations at risk for periodontal disease. J Dent Res. The factors given within the microbial community represent those that have claimed to be of importance for the activities within the biofilm as well as exposing the host tissues [14, 16, 57]. Subgingival microbiota dysbiosis in systemic lupus erythematosus: association with periodontal status. This can lead to gum recession or even tooth loss. Mark I. Ryder. Background: Periodontal disease (PD) is a multifactorial inflammatory condition in which inappropriate interaction between the host immune response and specific groups of bacterial pathogens leads to destruction of connective and bone tissues supporting the tooth. Calcif Tissue Int. Nat Rev Dis Primers. The periodontal clinicians and scientists at UIC are leading the way in incorporating the latest scientific knowledge to improve periodontal care. Conclusions: While further research is needed to define the population-attributable risk of periodontal disease to both cardiovascular diseases and to diabetes control and progression, health education to encourage better oral health should be considered as part of current healthy lifestyle messages designed to reduce the increasing health burden of obesity, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Current status of periodontal disease in adults in Takahagi, Japan: a cross-sectional study Satoshi Sekino1*, Ryoichi Takahashi1, Yukihiro Numabe1 and Hiroshi Okamoto2 Abstract Background: To date, a few studies have documented the detailed periodontal … culture, microscopy DNA-probes, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) or next generation sequencing (NGS), biochemical methods and sampling techniques and strategies. doi: 10.1002/JPER.17-0733. smoking) even if they may have a confounding effect on the disease. -, Loe H, Theilade E, Jensen SB. Epidemiology; Host-pathogen response; Inflammation; Oral microbiome; Periodontitis. Detailed investigations of the structural and chemical nature of the normal periodontium are cited—similar studies of diseased tissues are only in the beginning stage. diabetes) or habits (e.g. There are further research going on to provide even better tool for periodontal disease diagnosis th is includes O ptical Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research 9(4): 120-123. 1965;36:177–187. Mark I. Ryder, Department of Orofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. In 1966, the AAP World Workshop in Periodontics suggested only one form of periodontitis: chronic marginal periodontitis. Periodontal disease is one of the most common causes of tooth loss among adults. Keywords: Clinical and postextraction evaluation of periodontal disease indicators. Introduction Periodontitis has been considered a sixth complication of diabetes. The prevalence of periodontal disease among pregnant women increases with gestational age. PERIODONTAL disease is a general term used to describe specific diseases that affect the gingiva and the supporting connective tissue and alveolar bone, which anchor the teeth in the jaws. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Research shows that inflammation is one of the crucial components in the initiation and progression of periodontitis. Classifying prevalence by means of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Periodontology definitions, cigarette smokers and medium to high MA users had a high prevalence of periodontal disease. The study aimed to assess the knowledge of medical doctors on the association between periodontal disease and general health and their willingness to advise their patients to seek dental treatment. National Institute of Dental Research National Institutes of Health Public Health Service Bethesda, Md 1. The newest classification The newest classification Surgical Treatment of Periodontal Diseases—a Review of Current Clinical Research | springermedizin.de Background: Periodontal Disease research papers are custom written from the writers at Paper Masters that have an expertise in medical health research. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/, NLM Periodontal diseases are infections of the structures surrounding the teeth, which include gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. 8.52% of adults age 20 to 64 have periodontal disease. 1979 Nov 26;29(2):133-9. doi: 10.1007/BF02408068. 1964 Jun;68:820-4. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.1964.0193. In the earliest stage of periodontal disease gingivitis the infection affects the gums. The research definitions of periodontal disease are not necessarily the same as the common definition of gum disease, which may include both gingivitis (inflammation of the gums without any loss of bone and tissue) and periodontitis (as defined below): For the purposes of epidemiological research, periodontal disease is defined very specifically. 1964 Nov;1:327-34. Relationship of tooth mortality and implant treatment in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Korean adults. Oral and periodontal diseases, chewing disorders, and many destructive inflammatory diseases of the supporting tissues of the teeth are usually caused by an imbalance between host defense and environmental factors like smoking, poor nutrition, and a high percentage of periodontopathogenic bacteria. Because knowledge of the etiology and the types of periodontal disease keeps growing, the classification system should evolve as well and adapt to current data. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Correspondence. The effect of orthodontic treatment on periodontal bone support in patients with advanced loss of marginal periodontium 1988, American Journal of Orthodontics … periodontal ligament to mark t he periodontal disease. RESULTS: Periodontal assessments were completed on 546 adults. Ryder MI(1), Shiboski C(1), Yao TJ(2), Moscicki AB(3). Research Periodontal disease is recognised as the main cause of tooth loss. 2018 Jun;45 Suppl 20:S219-S229. 1985;46:106–114. Environmental host factors such as medicals (cytotoxic drugs, systemic antibiotics) and smoking [17] as well as internal host factor such as systemic diseases and conditions (e.g. Current concepts in periodontal disease research: epidemiological contributions Henry W. Scherp, Ph.D. * * Chief, laboratory of microbiology, National Institute of Dental Research, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, Md, Bethesda, Md. diabetes, obesity) [59], psychic stress/allostatic load [60] The two systems are highly dynamic and constantly fluctuating in activity and characterized by temporality. Research has shown that periodontal disease may increase the risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in a convenience sample of MA users. Periodontal Disease as a Risk Factor for Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review. In more severe forms of the disease, all of the tissues are involved. Periodontal disease is a public health problem and is strongly associated with systemic diseases; however, its worldwide distribution is not fully understood. This site needs JavaScript to work properly.  |  Based upon definition from the World Health Organization (WHO), periodontal health should be defined as a state free from inflammatory periodontal disease that allows an individual to function normally and avoid consequences (mental or physical) due to current or past disease. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12951. Experimental gingivitis in man.  |  The management of chronic periodontal disease is beset with a numbers of diagnostic as well as therapeutic problems. Experimental alveolar bone loss in the monkey evaluated by 125I absorptiometry. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Am J Public Health Nations Health. In spite of this improvement, significant disparities remain in some population groups. This research has led to current perceptions of the diseases that differ from earlier ones, and that can be summa- rized as follows: 1. . Spolsky VW, Clague J, Murphy DA, Vitero S, Dye BA, Belin TR, Shetty V. BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) use is associated with extensive dental caries. Periodontal manifestations of systemic diseases and developmental and acquired conditions: Consensus report of workgroup 3 of the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions. American Academy of Periodontology Task Force Report on the Update to the 1999 Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions ... Porphyromonas gingivalis and Filifactor alocis, in Human Gingiva, Current Research in Microbial Sciences, 10.1016/j.crmicr.2020.05.001, 1, (7-17), (2020). Epub 2013 Feb 28. Clinical and microbiological aspects of chemotherapeutic agents used according to the specific plaque hypothesis. Research design and methods A retrospective analysis was done, exploiting unique and large-scale claims data of a Dutch health insurance company. Maresin and resolvin, produced by the body from omega-3 fatty acids, can help repair tissue damaged by periodontal disease. eCollection 2020. Numerous laboratory and clinical studies have provided insight into the potential role of determinants that are associated with periodontitis. The management of Download Citation | On Jan 1, 2010, Vivek Gupta and others published Probiotics and Periodontal Disease: A Current Update | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate We suggest that such a model can explain many of the epidemiological features of periodontal breakdown over time, and we discuss its clinical implications. Therefore, systematic research on the latest literature focusing on NK/NKT cell-mediated mechanisms in periodontal disease, including the time period 1988–2020, was carried out in MEDLINE (PubMed) using a predetermined search strategy, with a final selection of 25 studies. Growing data indicate an association between periodontal disease and the development of cancer. In addition to bacteria, inflammation may be responsible for this association. The composition and activity within the dental biofilm are highly dependent on the assay systems used for evaluation e.g. Corrêa JD, Calderaro DC, Ferreira GA, Mendonça SM, Fernandes GR, Xiao E, Teixeira AL, Leys EJ, Graves DT, Silva TA. 2014;93(11):1045–1053. 1 cause of death in the U.S. Main text: Research has shown that periodontal disease is associated with several other diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. However, it has been difficult to relate the findings to the pattern of the distribution of the disease observed in epidemiological studies. Periodontal diseases in children – A literature review. In addition, research has shown that gum disease may be associated with other diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease. The current treatment for periodontal disease involves opening the infected gum flaps and adding bone grafts to strengthen the teeth. J Oral Ther Pharmacol. Abstract: An attractive smile is the one that has both harmonious correlations between the shape and colors of the teeth and a good proportion between lip and gingival. NIH Background . Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research 9(4): 120-123. J Periodontol. Therefore, oral health education in the early stage of pregnancy should prevent periodontal dis- … The subgingival microbiota shows striking similarities between populations irrespective of disease severity and can only marginally explain the clinical pattern. 2. Various herbal medicines have recently been receiving attention for the management of periodontitis owing to their general safety and efficacy. Only a small proportion of persons exhibit severe, widespread periodontitis. Periodontal disease impacts over half of the U.S. adult population, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Subject Area: Health Sciences. It also linked in those over 60 years of age to impairments in delayed memory and calculation abilities. sharpened our understanding of these diseases. To evaluate global data of periodontal disease: (1) among adolescents, adults, and older population and (2) in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. Similarly, the factors given within the host tissue response are those usually claimed to participate in the inflammatory reaction or as host defence factors against infections. Anil, S. and F. M. Baiju (1998). Periodontitis has been linked to over 50 systemic diseases and conditions. Microbiome. This manuscript reviews the literature concerning the surgical treatment of periodontal diseases focusing on studies published within the last three years (2016–2019). Smoking has been identified as a major risk factor in the development and progression of periodontal disease. Heart disease is the No.  |  Anil, S. and F. M. Baiju (1998). It is also difficult to explain this pattern by genetic and acquired risk factors such as systemic disease (e.g. Effective treatment for periodontal tissue regeneration is important, because periodontal disease is related to several systemic diseases. In addition to bacteria, inflammation may be responsible for this association. 2013;62(1):37–58. 2020 Dec 8;11:591255. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2020.591255. Since 1966, at least 6 different classifications of periodontal disease have been suggested (Table 1). -, Loesche WJ. Available evidence speaks against autoimmunity as a factor in periodontal disease in … In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums; painful chewing problems; and even tooth loss. Periodontal Disease Research Papers Periodontal disease research papers explore the reasons for this gum disease, and the different stages. 1). Current trends and new developments in HIV research and periodontal diseases. The therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in patients with periodontal disease. A Review. Objective . Periodontal disease is the most common cause of tooth loss among adults. If left untreated, inflammation can cause the gums and supporting bone structure to deteriorate, leading to gum recession or even tooth loss. 1965 Jul-Aug;44:775-82. doi: 10.1177/00220345650440042501. Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases of the oral cavity affecting up to 90% of the worldwide population. USA.gov. 2016 Mar-Apr;20(2):161-6. doi: 10.4103/0972-124X.175174. See this image and copyright information in PMC. Periodontal disease is recognised as the main cause of tooth loss. Numerous research reports suggest periodontal health as a risk factor in a number of health issues including, but not limited to, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and low-birth-weight babies. Research has shown that periodontal disease is associated with several other diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. JBI Libr Syst Rev. Would you like email updates of new search results? To evaluate the association between HBD-2 salivary concentration and viral load, the TCD4+ lymphocyte count (LTCD-4+) and the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) was assessed in HIVinfected patients. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that can be successfully treated with non-surgical and surgical approaches. To date, this has been elusive, but, nonetheless, it will remain an important aspect of periodontal research and practice in the years to come. -. The management of Inflammation of the gingiva appears to be a normal and physiological response to the presence of commensal bacteria along the gingival crevice and in the dental biofilm. Abbrevations: NH. Would you like email updates of new search results? The aim of this study was to assess the impact of periodontal treatment on diabetes-related healthcare costs in patients with diabetes. The recently introduced concept of precision medicine offers a new vision for the prevention and treatment of disease, as well as for biomedical research. THE PRESENT STATUS OF ANTI-CALCULUS AGENTS. Suárez LJ, Garzón H, Arboleda S, Rodríguez A. -, Loesche WJ. Kinane DF, Stathopoulou PG, Papapanou PN. Oral Dysbiosis and Autoimmunity: From Local Periodontal Responses to an Imbalanced Systemic Immunity. CURRENT CONCEPTS IN PERIODONTAL DISEASE RESEARCH: EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS J Am Dent Assoc. 2013 Feb;5(1):51-7. doi: 10.4047/jap.2013.5.1.51. 2012;10(42 Suppl):1-12. doi: 10.11124/jbisrir-2012-288. "Current research in diagnostic methods for assessing periodontal disease." research on the latest literature focusing on NK/NKT cell-mediated mechanisms in periodontal disease, including the time period 1988–2020, was carried out in MEDLINE (PubMed) using a predetermined search strategy, with a final selection of 25 studies. To study the relationship between periodontal disease and concentrations of human beta-defensin 2 (HBD-2) in the saliva of patients infected and not infected with HIV. A thorough review of four databases was completed including clinical human research studies and systematic reviews. Front Immunol. Crossref. The emergence of periodontal medicine as a subdiscipline of periodontology has resulted in a new direction in the understanding of periodontal disease.  |  Hypertension, defined as values ≥140 mmHg systolic blood pressure (SBP) and/or ≥90 mmHg diastolic blood pressure (DBP), is the most prevalent of all cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).1 Almost 45% of the worldwide population is affected and the estimate increases steeping with age.2 The incidence of adverse cardiovascular (CV) events such as stroke, myocardial infarction, sudden death, heart failure, and peripheral artery disease as well as of end-stage renal disease is strongly associated with hypertension.… Prevalence of Severe Periodontal disease (Table 2) 5.08% of adults 20 to 64 have moderate or severe periodontal disease. The Journal of Periodontal Researchis an international research periodical the purpose of which is to publish original clinical and basic investigations and review articles concerned with every aspect of periodontology and related sciences. The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) supports new research published online in the Journal of Dental Research confirming the need for careful risk assessment to determine which patients may benefit from additional treatment to prevent periodontal disease. Several research studies have suggested that periodontal disease is connected to variety of other diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. J Am Dent Assoc. Older adults, Black and Hispanic adults, current smokers, and those with lower incomes and less education are more likely to have periodontal disease. Conclusions: 2017 Jun 22;3:17038. doi: 10.1038/nrdp.2017.38.  |  Author information: (1)Department of Orofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. PERIODONTAL DISEASE AND NUTRITION IN SOUTH VIETNAM. Introduction. >Methods. Reports of scientific meetings in periodontology and related fields are also published. HHS Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. There are further research going on to provide even better tool for periodontal disease diagnosis th is includes O ptical Practical Periodontal Diagnosis and Treatment Planning offers its readers a step-by-step guide to diagnosing and planning treatment for periodontal patients through the latest. Current trends and new developments in HIV research and periodontal diseases. General tissue destruction and loss of attachment of the periodontal ligament to the tooth are responsible for loosening, and ultimately the loss of the tooth. 1 Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease that causes redness and swelling (inflammation) of the gingiva. J Indian Soc Periodontol. Scientists believe that inflammation may be the basis for the link between these systemic diseases. J Dent Res. Background: Epidemiological data from countries worldwide show a consistent pattern implying that a fraction of around 10% of those over 40-50 years in all populations will exhibit severe periodontitis with the potential risk of losing teeth during their life-time. Current research in diagnostic methods for assessing periodontal disease. Smoking has been identified as a major risk factor in the development and progression of periodontal disease. Periodontal medicine is a term used to describe how periodontal infection/inflammation may impact extraoral health. USA.gov. If left untreated, inflammation can cause the gums and supporting bone structure to deteriorate, leading to gum recession or even tooth loss. Baelum V, Lopez R. Periodontal disease epidemiology - learned and unlearned? Periodontitis has been linked to increased inflammation in the body, such as indicated by raised levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6. How dental professionals view and treat periodontal disease has been enhanced over time with the advent of technology and our understanding of the disease process. 1 … Classical periodontal therapy has been focused only within the oral environment to preserve or restore the structure, function and esthetics of the dentition. Sheree Duff, RDH, MS, in her "Clinical Periodontics for the Dental Hygienist" program, discusses current trends in diagnosing and treating periodontal disease, along with a review of periodontal theories and treatments of the past. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Epidemiological data from countries worldwide show a consistent pattern implying that a fraction of around 10% of those over 40-50 years in all populations will exhibit severe periodontitis with the potential risk of losing teeth during their life-time. By Anil S and Baiju F. Abstract. Over many years of exposure to the dental biofilm, the chronic inflammation in the gingiva gradually results in a loss of attachment and bone loss. Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is one of the most common chronic inflammatory disorders that affect the tissues surrounding the teeth (Fig. -, Kassebaum NJ, Bernabe E, Dahiya M, Bhandari B, Murray CJ, Marcenes W. Global burden of severe periodontitis in 1990-2010: a systematic review and meta-regression. 1964 May;68:667-75. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.1964.0147. 2018 Jun;89 Suppl 1:S237-S248. National Institute of Dental Research National Institutes of Health Public Health Service Bethesda, Md 1.  |  mark.ryder@ucsf.edu; Department of Orofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA . Disease impacts over half of the most common cause of tooth loss even loss... A risk factor in the understanding of periodontal disease is related to several systemic diseases and conditions as. A Public Health problem and is strongly associated with systemic diseases ;,... Are some strong indicators of susceptibility to severe periodontitis inflammation can cause the gums and supporting bone to. The specific plaque hypothesis 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Korean adults Epidemiology - learned and?... Microbiome ; periodontitis treatment in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Korean.!, significant disparities remain in some population groups M. Baiju ( 1998 ) recent research has that. 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